Sylvester Feodosievich Shchedrin is a representative of the Russian painting tradition, famous for his landscapes and talent for writing soulful romantic views. He was born in 1791 in St. Petersburg.
In the family of the painter, he was not the only one who possessed undoubted abilities for fine art. In many ways, his life was predetermined by famous relatives: father, F.F.Shedrin, a sculptor, and uncle S. Shchedrin, who, as a teacher at the Academy of Arts, made a considerable contribution to the cut of the boy’s talent.
Being nine years old, the future artist entered the Landscape class of the Academy of Arts. His main mentor was M. M. Ivanov. The young student was successful in training, has been repeatedly awarded medals for outstanding artistic skill. He received the last medal at the end of the Academy. He was also given the opportunity to travel abroad in order to learn from the experience of foreign artists.
Due to political instability, Shchedrin was able to come to Italy only in 1819. Once in a country in which the historical traditions of painting are strong, he did his best to study the intricacies of artistic mastery in great detail.
Moving from Rome to Naples and back, the master imprinted on his canvases the beauty of Italian nature and historical cities. Shchedrin's skills quickly brought him fame and recognition in Italy.
Shchedrin was imbued with a lively interest in conveying the subtlest moods of nature, perfected his skills, depicting the nature of Naples. Accustomed in Russia to a certain manner, the artist began to move away from it and move on to liveliness and sensitivity. He was especially interested in the sea views and the subtleties of the lighting game. It is no coincidence that even Italians, who had no shortage of pictorial masterpieces, often acquired paintings by the artist.
In the original works of Shchedrin, the direction of the further development of art was foreseen. The landscapes painted in Naples have a fundamental difference from the works typical of that era. Mostly, it is a focus on the impeccable transmission of lighting and its impact on natural life, which will later be characteristic of the impressionists.
The brilliant foresight of the coup in the very principle of painting, which is destined to happen at the end of the century, suggests that Shchedrin was truly talented. Anticipating the impending revolution, the artist, nevertheless, did not go beyond the framework of the classical school and conveyed the poetry of nature, mainly by traditional means.
The mastery of the author looks all the more significant because, despite this, he managed to maintain his personality. It is not surprising, therefore, that the galaxy of remarkable Russian landscape painters, who appeared later, did not overshadow the name of Sylvester Shchedrin with its grandeur, and it is firmly preserved in the memory of art lovers.
He died in 1830 abroad, never having time to return to his native places.