The Moscow Kremlin under Ivan Kalita - Apollinariy Mikhailovich Vasnetsov. 51 x 69 cm
Moscow has been rebuilt more than once over the past centuries: powerful walls and towers were rebuilt, bridges connected the banks of the river, new churches rose on the site of the destroyed ones, princely chambers and monasteries were erected, entire blocks were built up with houses and retail shops.
Apollinariy Mikhailovich Vasnetsov set himself the difficult task of showing how the face of his beloved city was changing, and he successfully completed it, creating a whole cycle of historical works. A separate group is formed by images of the Moscow Kremlin in various eras, according to which it is easy to trace all the changes taking place with it.
Studying the remains of massive logs found during excavations and preserved foundations, for hours studying the ancient chronicles and works of historians, studying ancient objects found by archaeologists, the artist restored the appearance of the capital bit by bit. He knew Russian architecture, traditional clothes and household items well, and he managed to combine historical facts and artistry in his paintings. His Moscow is incredibly lively and real, it seems that the master painted its streets from nature.
XIV century in Russia, the time of the reign of Grand Duke Ivan Kalita. Late fall. The snow that had recently fallen covered the ground, laid a white blanket on the roofs of the chambers and estates spread on the high slopes of Borovitsky Hill. On its top, among wooden houses, white-stone temples glow with a delicate pale cream color. The domes of the Assumption and Annunciation Cathedrals, the Archangel Church are clearly visible. Construction is in full swing - among the gray-brown buildings stand out golden-yellow logs of the house under construction, there is a new temple in the woods.
The fortress on the hill is surrounded by impregnable oak walls with narrow loopholes. They interconnect massive quadrangular towers of thick logs. Not far from them is built a palisade of strong trunks with pointed ends. The wide gates are wide open, opening the way through the passage tower, above which there is an icon hanging to the entrance, to Cathedral Square - the center of the Kremlin. A horse-drawn cart, carrying logs for construction, is slowly walking along a wooden bridge that has been thrown over a still-frozen river.
Life is in full swing. Large ships unloading timber are unloaded on the river. Part of it still lies on the shore, the remaining trunks are stacked in neat stacks. Tarred fishing boats buried their noses at the red-brown shore, a brightly painted boat swaying in the waves nearby. The driver takes the horse from the pier, collecting water in a large barrel.
High bridges, connected to a solid building on the shore, stand in the dark, stagnant water. Nearby, long poles on high poles froze in the cold air, helping to lift the load. Ovens are heated in the houses, white smoke comes from the chimneys, breaks out through narrow windows under the roof and an open door.
Far behind the walls you can see the village where the townspeople settled who did not have enough space in the fortress.
Cold calm palette - a bluish cloudy sky, gray, olive-brown colors of buildings, rare yellow spots of bushes on the slope, white color of the snow cover - all this creates a calm and peaceful mood. The peaceful life of Muscovites engaged in ordinary work is measured. And the Kremlin is inviolably standing, a symbol of reliable protection and power of Russia.