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Museums and Art

Arkady Aleksandrovich Plastov, biography and paintings

Arkady Aleksandrovich Plastov, biography and paintings

People's artist of the USSR, whose paintings are familiar to everyone from school textbooks, the talented painter Arkady Aleksandrovich Plastov was born on January 31, 1893 in the village of Prislonikha, Simbirsk district.

Arkady was the sixth child in a large peasant family. His father served as a psalmist in the church and painted icons, like his grandfather, who designed a village church in Prislonikha.

So before the boy there were two ways - church and painting. Parents saw him as only a priest, therefore, having successfully completed a rural school and a religious school, in 1908 he entered a theological seminary in Simbirsk. In the same summer, Arkady met with the artel of artists who came to his native village to restore the icons and paintings of the church. This work makes a lasting impression on him, the young man understands that from now on he wants to do only painting.

Continuing his studies at the seminary, Arkady often draws his classmates. His drawings attract the attention of the artist D.I. Arkhangelsky, who taught drawing to seminarians, and he acquaints a talented student with the work of recognized masters of Russian and world painting.

Realizing that he does not have a call to be a spiritual servant, with the blessing of the rector in the spring of 1912, the young man leaves his fourth year and comes to Moscow. However, the young man could not immediately enter the school of painting, sculpture and architecture, there was not enough preparation. Then he becomes a student of the famous painter I. And Mashkov, and then begins to attend lectures at the Stroganov School as a volunteer.

Two years later, his desire comes true, he becomes a student at the coveted school, but only at the faculty of sculpture. His teachers were famous painters A.M. Korin, A. Vasnetsov, sculptor S. Volnukhin. It is not possible to finish training - the year 1917 is coming, in February the February and then the October Revolutions take place in Russia.

Plast returns to his native Prislonikha, where he is allocated a plot of land. I had to plow, mow the grass. Rural labor is not a novelty for him; moreover, a competent young man is elected secretary of the village council. In 1925, he went to Moscow for the winter, where he painted posters, and the rest of the time he worked on the ground. After a few years, the artist took an active part in the creation of the collective farm and worked there for several years. All his free time, which he had very little, he devotes to drawing. The young man has big plans, he creates many sketches, drawings, portraits of fellow villagers.

After all his works were killed in a fire in 1931, Arkady makes an important decision for himself - from now on he will only deal with painting.

Already in 1935, his paintings for the first time successfully participated in the Moscow exhibition. Since then, the painter has been a regular participant in art exhibitions, all-Union fame comes to him. The master manages to convey in a very realistic and colorful way the everyday concerns of the collective farmers, their work and holidays, because he knows rural life very well.

The Great Patriotic War crosses out all the plans of the painter. Impressed by what is happening, he writes a series of very dramatic canvases known to many (“Germans are coming (“ Sunflowers ”),“ “The Fascist flew by”).

And after the victory, the master seeks to fill his paintings with joy and optimism, and “Haymaking” and “Harvest” bring him the Stalin Prize in 1946. In 1947, A. A. Plastov became a Full Member of the USSR Academy of Arts.

The painter’s talent is also manifested in landscapes that are very lyrical and poetic: “Field of Wheat”, “After the Rain”, “Golden Edge”. He manages to convey all the charm of the nature of his native places.

Another favorite topic is portraits, their artist painted several hundred, trying to show the character and inner world of people. And how many images of rural boys - mischievous and thoughtful, working and having a rest (“Vitya-podpasok”, “Children for a walk”) still delight us.

The artist participates in many exhibitions, and solo exhibitions are held with great success. Images of rural life (“Collective Farm Current”, “Dinner of Tractor Drivers”, “Rodnik”) evoke genuine interest and attract the attention of viewers. His canvases, filled with warmth and light, bright colors, are easily recognizable. And for each painting, Plast created dozens of sketches and sketches, looking for expressive poses and faces, views of nature, so that everything looked very real. In 1966, the painter was awarded the Lenin Prize.

With great tenderness and love, the artist writes to his mothers, evoking a feeling of warmth and happiness in the audience (“The Sun”, “Mom”). We can also admire the wonderful illustrations of Arkady Alexandrovich to the works of L. N. Tolstoy, A. S. Pushkin, N. Nekrasov.

All his life, the artist was next to his wife, Natalia von Wieck, whom he married in 1925. In 1930, their son Nikolai appeared in their family, who also became an artist.

The master died in 1972, May 12. In 1988, a museum was opened in the homeland of the painter. We can admire his paintings in many museums in Russia.


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