Museums and Art

"Morning", Tatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya - description of the painting


Morning - Tatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya. 110 x 169 cm

“Morning” is one of the most famous paintings by Tatyana Yablonskaya. The picture was often printed in school textbooks and children's books, so it cut into the memory of representatives of those generations who grew up and matured under the Soviet regime.

The canvas shows a rather large, poorly furnished Kiev apartment of the artist. The main character of the picture is Yablonskaya's eldest daughter, Elena. At that time, the girl was 13 years old, she was engaged in ballet and gymnastics, so she did a warm-up every morning. Once, the mother saw with what grace the daughter is engaged, and decided to capture this in the picture. The resulting result did not always please the artist herself. She was a self-critical person and often changed her mind. So, for example, at the end of her life, Yablonskaya wrote about this insanely popular painting that she was "anti-pictorial." Of course, this is a subjective opinion, because from the point of view of painting, the canvas just deserves all praise.

The best that was able to convey in the picture is a feeling of lightness, carefree childhood, a joyful summer morning. The room is flooded with bright morning sunlight, which creates clear long shadows and fills the room with air, making it voluminous. It flows through the open French windows to the balcony and through a nearby window, half hidden by the edge of the picture. These are very tall windows with an oval finish, without curtains, decorated only with vines that were fashionable then - vines.

In the foreground there is a round table, covered with a rather bright blue tablecloth with stripes, on it is a girl’s breakfast, modest food, well known to all Soviet people. Behind him, at the wide door to the balcony, stands a wooden chair with a school uniform. On his back is an ironed pioneer tie. Elena, the daughter of the artist, depicted in the picture, said that she had recently been accepted into pioneers, and she was incredibly happy about it. In that era, this was a landmark event in the life of every child.

An unmade bed on an old wooden sofa corresponded to chaos, a past to be forgotten for many critics, and a bright, sunlit room is the future when everyone is sure to be happy. The elongated girl became the "first swallow" reflecting the mood of most people at the beginning of the "Khrushchev thaw." That is how this picture was perceived then.

The modern viewer, devoid of ideological background and the imposed "mass consciousness", sees a moment of immediate, sincere happiness taken from real life. Perhaps the picture is so perceived simply because the day is sunny and warm, the girl is only thirteen years old, her life is beautiful and everything is ahead of her.

A unique story is associated with this canvas, or rather, it touched the character depicted on it. In Kazakhstan, a boy fell in love with a girl on reproductions of a picture. After many years, they met, fell in love, got married and lived a long and happy life together. So the feeling of happiness that came from the canvas was prophetic.