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Museums and Art

Hendrick Averkamp, ​​paintings and biography

Hendrick Averkamp, ​​paintings and biography

The famous artist from the Netherlands, Hendrick Averkamp, ​​has a rather simple, short, but at the same time not quite ordinary biography, because he was deaf from birth.

Hendrick was born in Amsterdam in 1585 and the very next year his parents moved to the city of Kampen, in the province of Overijssel, where Hendrick's father went into pharmacy.

Yes, the boy was deaf and, apparently, because of this he hardly spoke. But then his inner world turned out to be very bright and eloquent. He was drawn to creativity and until 10 years old, his mother gave him initial lessons in drawing and painting.

In general, family education had a huge impact on his entire subsequent creative life. Hendrik’s grandfather was a famous scientist of that time, his mother possessed intelligence and education and devoted much time to raising his son. They walked a lot, skated, played, painted.

These childhood memories, warm, calm and sincere, were forever remembered and subsequently became the basis of his paintings. This was especially true of winter entertainments and walks on the rink. Moreover, the end of the 16th century was marked by the most frosty winters in nature, which chained ice on rivers and lakes, conducive to games and entertainment on snow and ice.

From the age of 11, the boy studied with a poor Campenian artist, and at 18, in 1603, he went to Amsterdam to continue his real study of painting. He studied with the portrait painter P. Isaac, but still, the painting fascinated him more. In his earliest works, the noticeable influence of Flemish painters is felt.

Already at such a young age, he begins to create his own paintings, which are very recognizable. They are filled with a large number of characters - on ice, on a sled, on ice skates, with clubs, in funny poses, falling and skating. Rather, the paintings of Hendrick resemble children's pictures-memories, illustrations for funny books.

Avercamp returns to Kampen in 1613 and never leaves him again. During the campaign period, from 1614 to 1634, Hendrick painted many winter landscapes and everyday scenes.

Here, in fact, is the entire biography of the famous artist. He was called "dumb from Kampen." But how can his living and light paintings, which were very popular among fellow countrymen, be dumb.

Hendricks created an amazing combination in his work - he combined landscape and genre painting. By his sensitive nature he could see the landscape from the side of a simple layman, an ordinary townsman or a prosperous burgher.

The artist paints almost all of his paintings in light, gray, pearl, sort of “winter” colors. But they do not lose at all from this, but on the contrary, individuality and recognition of Avercamp's work appears. The feeling of fresh frosty air, the grayness and heaviness of the northern clouds, all painted by the artist with great skill.

It is a great pleasure to look at nature, the stone walls of fortresses, wooden log houses, churches, boats and picturesque groups of people. Each figure contributes its plot meaning to the picture. They are drawn carefully, scrupulously and at the same time very easily and with a sense of humor.

The painter's works bring harmony and return to childhood. Such abilities can be possessed by a kind, cheerful, creative person, as their author was.

The artist died in 1634, at the age of 49. Hendrick Averkamp did not create his own school, but nevertheless he was the founder of a new direction in Dutch painting - a realistic landscape.

He has written many paintings, but now they are mainly in private collections. And by the way, a rather large number of Avercamp paintings are available in the halls of Windsor Castle - the residence of British monarchs.


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