Family section - Vasily Maksimovich Maksimov. 148 x 106 cm
Vasily Maksimovich Maksimov is a well-known Russian artist, an ascetic, a realist who devoted his whole life to the peasant genre. From childhood, he was familiar with their way of life, ceremonies and way of life. The picture "Family Section" very realistically shows the difficult moment of the division of not only property, but also family.
From the first glance on the canvas you feel the full intensity of passions that occurs when dividing property between two brothers. Yes, this happened and is happening in any society, at any time. But the moment captured by Maximov occurs in the difficult period of the end of the 19th century. After the abolition of serfdom, the patriarchal way of life of the village, built up over years, begins to change. Once friendly peasant communities and families break up, unable to withstand new changes and difficulties.
We have such a family. Upon careful examination, you understand that this is not even a divide, but the robbery of a younger brother by an older one. Clothes, fur coats, fabrics, horse harness details and many other things are dumped throughout the room.
The elder daughter-in-law is simply the embodiment of malice and greed. She spread her arms and even crushed a piece of some canvas with her foot in order to grab more things and simple peasant utensils.
In contrast, her younger daughter-in-law, bewildered and defenseless. He and her husband got a kettle and a couple of rolls of fabric. Because of the white canvas in her hands, the last argument seemed to have flared up.
Some relatives are present right there, but they are on the sidelines, no longer trying to reconcile the parties. In the red corner, the artist depicts an icon with a burning candle. Perhaps the author wanted to draw the attention of those arguing to the fact that one must be kinder, show mercy, and not humiliate one's neighbors. But all this is in vain. Thirst for profit and self-interest are stronger. The section has already ended.
The work saturated with emotions received a great response in the creative environment, it was duly appreciated by contemporaries.