+
Museums and Art

Hitler's bunker, Berlin

Hitler's bunker, Berlin

Most Nazi bunkers were blown up and destroyed, so that neo-fascists did not have the opportunity to create places of worship from them. The same thing happened with the most famous such place - Hitler's bunker in Berlin, where he, Eva Braun and the Goebbels family committed suicide. This place is known as the Fuhrerbunker.

Under the Reich Chancellery in the capital of Germany, a whole complex of perfectly fortified premises was erected. Hitler’s bunker itself was 120 meters from the Reich Chancellery and located at a depth of 5 meters. A concrete layer with reinforcement 4 meters thick and a 1 meter layer of earth protected it from direct hit by shells or aerial bombs.

The bunker had two levels, 30 rooms, all amenities, excellent ventilation, two exits - to the main building and to the garden.

Hitler in the photo

Since January 1945, Hitler spent almost all the time in the bunker, only occasionally leaving it. On April 30, he and part of the Nazi fanatics committed suicide, after which the bunker was taken by the Soviet troops on May 2, 1945.

Post-war condition

In 1947, the building of the Reich Chancellery was demolished, all accesses to the bunker were blown up. But the building itself survived, as it was exceptionally strong and reliable. Until 1988, this place was just a wasteland. After it was decided to begin construction of a new residential area here, the need arose to take drastic measures.

Bunker ruins

The bunker had to be opened and completely destroyed, leaving only parts of the concrete base. Now a residential complex has been erected at this place, and where there used to be an exit from the bunker to the garden, a parking lot is located and a memorial table is installed. Tourists often gather near it, wondering how once the most frightening area of ​​the city turned into a peaceful square and a group of residential buildings.

Residential building at the bunker site

They deliberately did not begin to create a memorial or a museum in this place, so that the residential area would not become a gathering place for fascist youths.

New bunker story

Today, the Berlin Story Museum (Museum of the History of Berlin) has an exact copy of the room where Adolf Hitler lived and parted with life. The place is called "Hitler's Bunker", although it is just a reconstruction of the living room of the bunker with an area of ​​9 meters.

This is a typical “bourgeois” living room of the 40s, typical of Germany, furnished with “no complaints” simple wooden furniture. It contains a massive dark desk, a sofa and two armchairs with wooden armrests, a square coffee table, a large grandfather clock. A good Persian rug covers the concrete floor, softening the rather austere interior of a small room.

Now all visitors have the opportunity to see with their own eyes in what kind of atmosphere the person spent his last days, who became the cause of the bloodiest and most brutal war on the planet.

The exhibition is private, paid, but the price includes an excursion to the Anhalter Bahnhof bomb shelter, designed to accommodate 3,500 people. During the bombing of Berlin, more than 12 thousand civilians hid in it from certain death. The visitors are also offered the exact layout of the entire bunker, allowing to evaluate its area and the strength of the fortifications.


Watch the video: Berlin: Exhibit recreates Hitlers bunker. DW News (January 2021).