Museums and Art

Friedensreich Hundertwasser: paintings, biography

Friedensreich Hundertwasser: paintings, biography

An artist with such a unique name was born in a simple family with mixed roots: his father is an Austrian, and his mother is a Jewish woman. No wonder they say that children from mixed marriages differ either in incredible beauty or in bright talent. This child was destined to become a genius rebel from art.

The shocks in his life began as early as infancy, when his father died unexpectedly. Mother with a monthly baby in her arms had to survive on her own.

The future artist was born in 1928 and then he bore the more familiar name and surname - Friedrich Shtovasser. When the persecution of Jews began, the mother insisted on the Catholic baptism of the boy. He had extraordinary talent since childhood, which was developed at the Montessori school, where the child began to go in 1936. Perhaps, thanks to her mother, the world received such an extraordinary master as Hundertwasser.

After the end of World War II, the young man dedicated his life to art. In 1948, he studied for some time at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna. Briefly formulate the principle of art of the master can be his own declarative phrase: "There is no God in a straight line!" He believed that the world around should not kill everything human in people with straight, hard lines and dead, lifeless colors. Perhaps this is how the artist manifested his childhood, which fell on the terrible pre-war and war years.

He hated the dull, gray monotony as fiercely as another art rebel - Antonio Gaudi. Both masters highly appreciated flowing natural lines and especially rich and bright colors, often used a spiral and infinity motif, beaten colored tiles and voluminous concrete structures in their works.

As early as 21 years old, the artist changed his too ordinary name to a more sonorous and original, starting from its sound and meaning. The resulting pseudonym can be conditionally translated as "rich in the world in a hundred sources of water." This also reflects his position in life - the master believed that humanity was simply obligated to compensate for the damage that it causes to wildlife by industrialization. From here its fancifully painted bright and life-affirming facades of houses, buildings with trees growing from them, as well as the famous hill house in New Zealand. It literally merges with the surrounding nature, and so widespread sheep are grazed on the turf covering it.

Over the years of his life, Hundertwasser became famous as an artist, graphic artist, and an extraordinary decorator. He illustrated the Bible, painted houses in incredible colors, and taught at the Vienna Academy of Arts for many years. His talent was recognized, the master was awarded several prizes, including for the protection of nature.

The artist died in New Zealand at the age of 71, leaving behind his admirers, followers, and a heritage unique in its qualities and properties - not only material, but also spiritual.

Watch the video: Hundertwasser (December 2021).