Turquoise Marilyn Monroe - Andy Warhol. 1964
It seems that not a single significant figure of his time has escaped the founder of the so-called business art. Therefore, it is not surprising that once in his field of vision came the inimitable Norma Gene Baker, known around the world as Marilyn Monroe. Everything came together here - a beautiful woman (although Warhol's women were of little interest), an unusual fate, her connection with the powerful of this world and suicide. The author was painfully interested in the topic of death, especially at the decline of his work.
Monroe was included in the list of “7 women of Warhol” (also Elizabeth Taylor, Lisa Minnelli, Jacqueline Kennedy, Debbie Harry, Brigitte Bardot, Elizabeth II), to whom he devoted his work.
The actress during her life became an icon, a woman goddess, the dream of all men. Warhol could only transfer her image to the canvas. Namely the canvases, because, thanks to the unique technique, all the master’s works were replicated many times. Thus, Andy Warhol turned over the idea of a work of art - now canvases can technically be reproduced many times without losing their artistic value. However, the debate on this subject still does not subside.
Today, this work is perceived inconsistently, since the modern viewer knows what a complex character, a moving psyche is, how many unmet simple human needs are hidden behind the bright mask of a world-famous beauty, and by this, admiringly, he will certainly recall the tragic end.
The viewer sees a woman in front of him, but not in her real appearance, but as an icon itself: the idol of modernity should remain an idol on the canvas. Warhol carefully crafted all his portraits of celebrities, depriving all of his minor flaws. The hero of the time must be beautiful, and from the presented work the ideal Marilyn looks at us.
The author emphasized the blonde’s legendary hair with a bright yellow color, a languid look from under the drooping eyelids became more expressive thanks to long eyelashes and bright blue shades, a passionate, even predatory mouth is outlined with dark red lipstick. Snow-white teeth, talking about bodily looseness, and the famous vicious birthmark complete the familiar image. Warhol himself said that he wanted to emphasize the sexuality and emancipation of his heroine.
The image, like a cliche, a ready-made pattern, turned out to be so successful and symbolic that it was soon dubbed with very high-profile names - "Gioconda of the 20th century" and even "Virgin Mary of the 20th century." Subsequently, Andy Warhol created a large-scale diptych dedicated to Marilyn Monroe. But this has already happened after her mysterious death.