Museums and Art

"Portrait of a storyteller bylin", Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy


Portrait of the narrator of epics - Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy.

At the end of the 19th century, a special interest arose in folk art. Close attention to folklore in all its manifestations was fueled by the composers of The Mighty Handful, and the Wanderers, and V.V. Andreeva, who in 1888 brought folk instruments to the professional stage.

At this time, begin to actively collect fairy tales, write epics, composers and ethnographers carry out the first folklore expeditions, trying to preserve what has been transmitted for centuries only by word of mouth. New cultural heroes appeared who were translators of folk art. These nuggets, completely illiterate, but possessing a natural talent, aroused admiration and respect from an educated public. The storytellers of epics were ranked among such exceptional people from the people, and one of the famous personalities was Vasily Petrovich Shchegolenok (Shchegolenkov).

Ilya Repin, Vasily Polenov (these are the more famous portraits of the storyteller) wrote this farmer and shoe-making craftsmen, and Ivan Kramskoy also wrote a portrait from him.

But back to the hero. Monotonous work, such as the shoe craft, Vasily Petrovich tried to diversify, reciting the epic of the epic. He learned this from his father and disabled uncle, and he also borrowed the repertoire from them. Possessing a phenomenal memory, the Goldfinch knew many tales and ballads, the heroes of which were the heroes, Sadko, Ivan the Terrible, Khoten Bludovich. Many collectors of folklore considered his versions of the epics, coupled with the performance (a quiet, calm voice, distracted from a clear metro rhythmic size) the best among all the epic storytellers.

Vasily Petrovich also managed to get to know the professional scene - his performances were organized in St. Petersburg, Moscow, and in 1879, at the invitation of Leo Tolstoy, he stayed for a month at Yasnaya Polyana. The writer personally wrote for the storyteller bylina, and at least six of his works are based on the stories of the narrator-nugget.

How do we see him in the portrait of Kramskoy? Without a doubt, this is a very hardworking person whose life you cannot name easy. Poor clothes that require mending, a messy beard trimmed emphasize the poverty of the hero. Indeed, epic storytellers were essentially begging, traveling through villages with their stories.

As usual, the painter highlights the face of his hero - it is he who should be considered by the audience. Meanwhile, the look on behalf of the storyteller is really impossible to take away. A wrinkled forehead gives out a mind in him, his eyes are at least sad, but wisdom and dignity are read in them. The hero’s lips can seem to express any emotion - even moments and the tips will creep up, turning a wrinkled face into a welcoming and friendly, or, on the contrary, the old man will frown and frown even more to talk about something dramatic and intense.

Deep respect, admiration for the hero expresses this portrait, along with a true story. Without a doubt, a wonderful work of the subtle, sensitive portraitist Kramskoy ...


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