Museums and Art

Giorgio Vasari: paintings, biography

Giorgio Vasari: paintings, biography

Giorgio Vasari is one of the cohort of great people of the Renaissance, a “universal soldier” from art, who obeyed not only painting, but also architecture. Vasari turned out to be talented not only in this area, and today he is better known among the general public as the author of "Biographies" - a monumental work that includes biographies of many famous and talented people. We know the exact dates and details of their lives thanks to the titanic work of Vasari, who devoted almost his entire life to it. He can be considered the founder of art history, since it was with his "easy hand" that a close, on a scientific basis, study of the work of artists, graphic artists, sculptors and architects began.

Vasari liked to introduce himself as a native of Arezzo in Tuscany, so he was given the nickname Aretino. There he was born in 1511 and raised. At 11, he began to learn to paint churches, although his father was a potter. The proximity of Florence, the then major center of art and political life, played a role, and a young Vasari began a year later to study with the great Michelangelo, Andrea del Sarto and Bandinelli. The protection of the Medici clan suddenly ended when they had to flee Florence, and Vasari returned to his native Arezzo. Here he had to rather tightly - his father died, and the artist was forced to support a large family alone.

It was in Arezzo that the foundation was laid for future Biographies. Master Rosso, who actually gave young Vasari food and a couple of practical advice, was the first artist to receive a description of his work and achievements in his future famous book.

Due to the siege of Florence in 1529, Vasari was forced to flee and travel around the country in search of work and a patron. He visited Pisa and other places, and then met with Ippolito Medici, who took him to Rome. There he had his first large orders and the painting “Venus and Graces” was created, commissioned by the Medici.

With the restoration of Medici power in Florence, Vasari returns to this city, where he successfully works and even teaches architecture and decoration. At this time, he writes a lot and erects decorative structures.

Vasari's painting is an impressive example of Tuscan mannerism. He preferred multi-figured catchy compositions, cold colors, used the services of apprentices, so even large-scale paintings were created very quickly. To the credit of Vasari, he always mentioned the names of his assistants, which were even preserved in Biographies.

In architecture, he succeeded much less, but in that era of the titans it was quite difficult to do. He could not cope with the reconstruction of several buildings, but the construction of new buildings according to their drawings showed a peculiar vision of space and the personality of Vasari. Unfortunately, as an architect, he is much less known than as the author of Biographies.

It was the work of his life, which was subject to adjustment and literary processing even after its completion in 1550. The book includes biographies and works of many contemporaries of Vasari, and in many respects thanks to his literary feat we know so much about the life and art of Italy of this period.


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