Three graces - Rubens. 221x181
In the 1630s, Rubens departed from the noisy social life and created in solitude in the castle of Stan. Here appears one of the most famous works of the painter - “Three Graces”.
Today, the picture does not cease to be surprising - the title is very different from the content for the modern viewer, brought up on the standards of beauty inherent in our time. Meanwhile, the female bodies of Rubens - this is a whole layer for art criticism. The artist has always painted female nature in a straightforward, honest and open manner. His naked bodies are relaxed, but not vulgar, erotic, but not vulgar. Rubens believed that the human body is a creation of God and to be shy to portray it means to be ashamed of this creation, which for a religious artist was simply unthinkable.
The heroines of the picture are antique graces moving in a smooth dance. Surprisingly, anyone looking at the canvas can clearly feel how much the artist admires their slightly full bodies. This enthusiasm of the author is so contagious that no matter what the canons of beauty may be, the viewer involuntarily begins to admire the heroines of the plot. Soft lines, graceful movements, bends full of bliss - all this is a hymn to the beauty of the female body. As an affirmation of this, we see woven flowers above the heads of the heroines, which compositionally have something in common with their bodies woven in a dance.
It is known that the master painted the grace on the left from life - this is the second wife of Rubens, Elena Furman. The author just got married and bathed in a newfound happiness.
Rubens himself was very fond of this picture and did not want to part with it, so the canvas hung in the artist's house. Only after his death, the painting was put up for sale, and the first buyer was the Spanish king Philip IV. So “Three Graces” were taken to Spain, where they still “live”.