Museums and Art

Artist Max Ernst: The Life of a Dadaist, List of Paintings

Artist Max Ernst: The Life of a Dadaist, List of Paintings

In the modest and very religious Ernst family in the small town of Bruhl, hobbies such as painting were condescending, but they were never considered a serious occupation for life. The father of the family, a teacher from a school for the deaf-mute, in his spare time loved to draw pictures of spiritual content. Once he portrayed his son in the form of a baby Christ. The picture was a success, friends praised. But neither dad nor the son himself knew then how far in content this picture would turn out to be from life.

Max Ernst left behind an extensive not only artistic, but also literary heritage. His writing experiences today allow viewers to more accurately understand his complex paintings, from which it is impossible to take his eyes off.

As a child, Max fell in love with the forests that surrounded his hometown. In children's minds, vast spaces are imprinted in the form of terrible cells, which enclose numerous living creatures. Later, these children's fears will be embodied in many of the artist's works, and experiments with space will make Ernst's work truly unique and revolutionary.

The second case made such a strong impression that the images of paintings by Max Ernst throughout his creative life bore the imprint of this childhood tragedy and the first philosophical experiments. On the birthday of the younger sister of the future artist, Max's beloved parrot died. The child connected these two events together, considering that the newborn took the life of a bird. People-birds are favorite allegories of Ernst's paintings.

Parents saw their son as a psychologist or philosopher. Therefore, he was sent to study at the University of Bonn. Psychology was interested in Max only because of the opportunity to visit clinics for the mentally ill. A lover of painting was interested in the work of people with a sick imagination. It was at this time that Max chose painting as his main occupation in life. For the time being, the young artist is forced to hide his choice in order to preserve material assistance from his father.

Germany at the beginning of the 20th century was not a trendsetter in art, losing this championship to France. Despite this, Ernst finds like-minded people in his homeland. Young and creative people choose Dada, the hooligan trend of modernism, popular in France and Spain. One of the exhibitions, located in the famous beer garden of Cologne, ended in scandal. Visitors demanded to remove indecent pictures. The story hit the newspapers, the father found out that his son left the university and stopped all support. Difficult times have come for Max.

During his long life, Ernst managed to work with Breton and Dali, Braque and Picasso. He designed the scenery for the Russian seasons of Diaghilev, starred in a movie with Bunuel.

For many years, Max Ernst was forced to live as an illegal immigrant in France. And after the outbreak of World War II, he left the continent altogether, moved to America. By this time, among his friends were not only poor artists and professional critics. Fate brought him to Peggy Guggenheim, a wealthy owner of galleries around the world. The relations of the philanthropist and the talented madman turned into marital, however, not for long ...

After the war, Max Ernst returns to Europe as a well-known and recognized master. The artist did not go home, having settled in France. There he died.

Max Ernst entered the history of world painting as the creator of a number of techniques of modern painting, several areas of art that still exist without being lost in thousands of postmodern styles. A recognized collage genius, Ernst was the first to use decals in the creation of compositions. His ability to combine the unconnected still delights the audience, and his work adorns the collections of not only contemporary art galleries, but also the most conservative museums in the world.


Watch the video: The Art of Max Ernst (October 2021).