One of the greatest masterpieces of world art - the sculpture of David - performed by the ingenious Michelangelo, survived a difficult fate. The material was chosen - a huge marble block from Carrara, the sculptor started to work, but did not have time to finish it. For several years, marble was abandoned, and even began to collapse. The Commission of the Fathers of Florence decided that young Michelangelo could continue the work. But the budding sculptor was known for his heavy character, as well as pedantry in the choice of material for work. Michelangelo refused for a long time, which caused dissatisfaction with the city authorities. Finally, when it was already decided to give the order to another, the future creator of the Vatican set to work.
The sculpture was created a little over two years. When the commission came to accept the finished work, heated debate broke out. The whole thing was how he portrayed the hero of the Old Testament. The tradition of the Renaissance assumed the image of David at the moment of triumph after the victory over Goliath. Michelangelo went the other way. His David is just getting ready for battle. He is concentrated, muscles are in tension, his face is stern.
Interpretation of the image enhanced the civilian sound of the sculpture. If at first the work was intended to be placed near the cathedral, now many members of the commission suggested placing it on the central square. After heated debate, a decision was made in favor of Signoria Square, as the location of the statue.
Already in those distant times (early 16th century), David was an ideal of masculine beauty. For the sake of creating exact proportions and the external attractiveness of his sculpture, the artist went to some distortion of the anatomical structure of the human body: at least one rib and one muscle on the back are missing. However, only doctors and specialists in the field of human anatomy notice this.
Interestingly, replicas of sculpture in the art world are also valued unusually high and adorn major museums. In London, for example, the sculpture is equipped with a removable fig leaf in case the Queen visits the museum, and in the Pushkin Museum there is a copy made for the collection of the first director of the museum, Tsvetaeva.
A copy of the sculpture is currently standing on Florentine Square. The original was removed away from weather troubles at the Academy of Fine Arts. However, this did not save David from the vandals. Not so long ago, a mentally unstable visitor to the academy rushed to the masterpiece with a hammer in his hands. A few strokes were enough to damage the big toe of the statue.
Italian experts found that due to the constant micro-vibrations created by public transport in Florence, the sculpture begins to collapse. The reason is not only vibration, but also not too good quality of marble, as well as the weight of the 5-meter statue. The possibility of moving the masterpiece to a safer place is currently being considered.