The memorial complex dedicated to the defenders of Stalingrad is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the most monumental building. The entire project of the monumental complex was created under the leadership of the great Russian sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich, who had already created a memorial in Treptow Park in Berlin by this time.
The monument, at the base of which more than 35 thousand defenders of Stalingrad are buried, can be divided into several artistically independent parts.
High relief Memory of generations
The high relief, 8 meters high and 17 meters long, precedes the main composition of the monument. Vuchetich depicted a string of grieving people walking towards the monument. The symbolic meaning of the high relief is the eternal memory of the feat of Russian soldiers near Stalingrad.
The alley of pyramidal poplars, like a system of soldiers guarding the peace of fallen comrades, leads to the central part of the monument, which begins with the Square standing to the death.
The square of those who died
The central figure in the square is a sculpture of a half-naked warrior armed with a machine gun and a grenade. At the base of the sculpture are the slogans of the Battle of Stalingrad. Sculpture is a symbolic image of all those who defended the fatherland from invaders. The author achieves a dramatic effect by placing the figure of a warrior in front of the main sculpture of the Motherland.
From the square Standing to the death there is a road to the Square of heroes. The square is connected by a staircase-corridor, on both sides of which there is a paired high relief of the Wall ruins, symbolizing the horrors of the besieged, fighting city.
The center of the Heroes Square is a rectangular pool. On the left side it is bounded by a wall in the form of a banner with inscriptions (names of heroes, phrases from orders, etc.), to the right of the pool are six paired sculptures that depict fighting soldiers, townspeople, women, children - all who participated in the battle.
From the square of heroes, the viewer moves on to a monumental relief, using stingy, schematic means telling about the battle itself, the joy of victory, the bitterness of loss. The monumentality of the relief is impressive, the total area of which is about 1000 square meters.
The hall of military glory gives an idea of what the price of this victory was: on the walls of the hall are monumental banners made of golden smalt, which are completely covered with the names of all those who died in the Battle of Stalingrad.
Area of sorrow
The central figure of the mother grieving over the body of her murdered son is made in the aesthetic program of the Michelangelo Pieta. The author was able, using concrete as a material, to make the composition plastic, light and, at the same time, unusually dramatic and emotional.
Monument Motherland Calling!
The top, crown, culmination of the memorial. The highest statue in the world at the time of creation. Made of reinforced concrete. Its technical parameters are impressive. But even more impressive is her emotionality, drama and energy, invested by the author.